The Covid-19 pandemic was not only a health crisis, but a major challenge for the labour market and social policy, as well as a driver for social inequality. The pandemic also had major effects on gender issues: besides the gendered labour market effects such as raising female unemployment, economic sectors dominated by women were much more affected. Lockdowns and closures of schools and pre-schools had clear negative effects on the mental health, educational progress and social segregation of children. Moreover, they also impacted the parents negatively, as they were forced to integrate care work and paid work – which in many cases and countries resulted in women taking on a greater share of the burden, including negative effects on their employment and work situation. A Europe-wide FES project has examined the social impact of COVID on Gender in 15 countries. The individual country reports explore in what way the provision or non-provision of childcare and lockdowns impacted existing gender care gaps and women’s economic self-determination.